Spondylolisthesis occurs when a vertebra becomes out of alignment with the spinal column. Spondylolisthesis can occur as a result of degenerative diseases, injuries, unstable joints, and/or spinal abnormalities.
Symptoms of spondylolisthesis mirror a variety of other spinal conditions. During the early stages, symptoms may be minimal and light. As it progresses, symptoms can worsen.
- Back pain
- Pain that goes along the legs
- Difficulty in body movements
- Pain when bending over or twisting
- Muscle spasms
- Leg weakness
Patients with this spondylolisthesis are usually advised to stop heavy physical activities that could cause more damage to the vertebrae. Patients may be given anti-inflammatory medication and other prescribed medication in order relieve the pain. If necessary, physical therapy, back braces, and/or weight loss exercises will be recommended.
In severe spondylolisthesis conditions, patients may undergo surgery to install instruments that aim to restore the vertebra back in place. Prevention of spondylolisthesis includes good posture, stretching, and living a healthy, active lifestyle.