Chiari malformations, structural defects in the brain that controls balance, can be difficult to diagnose, since the symptoms can be vague, or there may be no symptoms at all.
Chiari Malformation Type I
People with Chiari malformation type I can experience the following symptoms:
- muscle weakness
- vision problems
- problems with balance and coordination
Chiari Malformation Type II
In Chiari malformation type II, more tissue extends into the spinal canal and the symptoms can include those related to myelomeningocele, a condition in which the backbone and the spinal canal haven’t closed properly before birth.
- Changes in breathing pattern
- Swallowing problems, such as gagging
- Quick downward eye movements
- Weakness in arms
- Severe headache
Chiari Malformation Type III
In the more severe Chiari malformation type III, a portion of the lower back part of the brain (cerebellum) or the brain stem extends through an abnormal opening in the back of the skull. This is often diagnosed at birth or by an ultrasound during pregnancy.
Chiari malformation type I is rarely progressive. If patients show progressive symptoms and treatment is necessary, safe and minimally invasive surgical procedure can be done to relieve the pressure on the site of compression or the spinal column. Dr. Ozgur’s results of treatment for Chiari malformation type I is excellent, with the majority of patients experiencing partial or complete resolution with few or no complications.
Burak Ozgur, MD can address your degenerative disc disease with minimally invasive, outpatient surgical procedures that are designed to help you find relief from pain. Learn more about our minimally invasive procedures or request an appointment for consultation by calling (949) 383-4190 or toll free 888-64-SPINE or Contact Us ➲.